Desalination refers to the process of removing salts and other minerals from water such that it is suitable for drinking or industrial use. Currently, there are two types of desalination – membrane desalination and thermal desalination.
Membrane desalination employs the use of semi-permeable membranes to separate minerals from the feed water. Boustead Salcon has engineered various sophisticated desalination processes for brackish water or seawater through reverse osmosis as a means of obtaining quality drinking water, as well as pure feed water for power generation and other industrial processes.
The concept behind thermal desalination models after the natural water cycle by evaporating the water into water vapours and condensing the vapours to obtain purified water. The heat for the evaporation often comes from secondary sources in industries, such as waste heat from power plants or refineries.